What is Space Layout in Interior Design? Space Planning Explained

Interior Space Layout refers to the the way interior spaces are planned by placing furniture and accessories. Space layout is the initial and very important step in starting any residential and commercial interior project by zoning spaces.

Interior design is a profession that is all about efficient space planning, creating them beautiful and functional. This short yet focused article will explore what is space layout, and how space planning is managed in interior design.

What is Space Layout in Interior Design – Space Planning Fundamentals

Space is an empty area within a room. In interior design this empty area is customizable according to its function, and clients requirement.

Space Layout is the major kick starter in a project and is also referred to as space planning. Space layout is all about the detailed analysis of how space will be used, and filled with required furniture, fixture and decor.

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In other words space layout plan creates a balance between negative and positive spaces in the room.

All those spaces that are occupied by furniture, fixtures and decor are positive, whereas vacant areas are considered negative spaces.

Space Layout or space planning works on few fundamentals, like furniture and accessories placement for better functionality. These fundamentals define the starting process of interior design and sets the tone of the project.

Before starting the process of space layout planning, few common factors are pre understood. These common factors are applicable on all sort of residential and commercial projects.

Space layout or space planning is becoming more and more important for productive and efficient outcome of the interior space.

Many technical and aesthetic considerations are dealt with in space layout planning based on some styles, and concepts.

So, let’s dive in..

Space Layout Fundamentals in Interior Design

Planning interior spaces is an interesting and challenging task. The room space requirements have few basic yet fundamental pre-understood considerations.

Every interior designer and client expect the results according to these understood factors. These fundamentals of space layout or space planning lays the foundation of a smooth and flawless project.

Let’s find out!

  • What client wants

Interior design is explained as an art and science of planning spaces and creating beautiful ambience. Clients hire interior designers to provide them the best services regarding the space layout of their house.

Each room in a house has a purpose. It is designed and decorated accordingly.

Clients have some ideas of their own which they would like interior designers to listen, and apply making them better and if not, suggest the best solutions.

Understanding clients requirement is very important and it the foundation stone in providing them the best layout possible.

  • Comfort

Comfort is a non negotiable character in a space layout. Comfort in any room layout is achieved through many ways including the way interior designers balances and fills the space.

The feel of relaxation and comfort in space planning or space layout is mostly judged through movement, or the circulation area. The room space should have an ample area of movement.

  • Functionality

Interior room spaces have a purpose. The purpose of the room defines how it should be designed keeping in mind the relevant fundaments.

Bedroom space has a purpose and it demands all the interior design solutions that will make bedroom a relaxing and a comfortable space.

Functionality is an important factor to consider. Functionality in a space layout addresses different concerns like,  style of furniture, how well furniture, fixtures, and decor elements are placed.

Everything in a space layout should functionally provide value and fulfil the need of the client. 

  • Space Clearance

Space clearance generally refers to the clearance of furniture placement from the walls.

This is a practical approach that can avoid small troubles like wall paint getting dirty, and in some cases circulation problems.

  • Space Aesthetics

Interior designers use elements and principals of design to create a visually attractive space.

The application of design principles like balance, harmony, symmetry, rhythm can really make a difference in space layout design.  

All the above mentioned fundaments of space layout works hand in hand to provide optimum solutions.

Here are some of the question you should ask before making a space layout plan:

Space layout design is a challenging task. You need to either make a checklist of tasks to consider step by step before starting space planning. 

what is space layout in interior design

Here are a few to consider:

  1. The main purpose of the room
  2. How many persons are likely to use the room space?
  3. Do you need to create a focal point in the room?
  4. How will you use elements and principals of design in space layout
  5. Will old furniture be used?
  6. What type of interior theme will suite the architectural space?

These are a few things to consider before starting space layout.

Interior Space Layout Categories 

Residential spaces are generally divided into 4 categories. These spaces fulfil different functions in space layout.

1: Social Space (dining room, living room)

2: Private Space (bedroom)

3: Work Space (home office)

4: Storage Space (store room, shelving, cabinets)

All these spaces are managed through certain layout plan that serves their particular function.

What is Space Layout in Interior Design? – Final thoughts

Space layout require in-depth thinking and analysis. One of the key areas that impacts your space layout is the furniture plan.

The space layout needs smartly zoning out the areas of rest/work and circulation as needed. Interior designers work on scaled space layout plan to make sure everything is placed and fitted according to the exact measurement.

So, if you are planning to design your space layout, just consider keeping in mind all the factors mentioned above for maximum productivity and functional output.

Written by: Adil Masood Qazi